Only a quick few words to give basic info on Lesotho… Come and experience the country for yourself…
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a small landlocked country in Southern Africa, completely surrounded by South Africa. The capital is Maseru in the North. It is a parliamentary or constitutional monarchy: the Prime Minister is head of government and has executive authority. The King of Lesotho, serves a largely ceremonial function. He no longer possesses any executive authority and is prohibited from actively participating in political initiatives.
The kingdom covers ~30’000 Km² for a population of around 2’000’000 people (Density ~68 inhabitants per Km²).
It owes its name of Mountain Kingdom to the fact that it lies entirely above 1’000m high (lowest point: 1’400m) with over 3/4 of the country being above 1’800m.
As you can imagine, it is fairly cold all year around – with temperatures reaching as low as -18°C in the highlands (I experienced -15°C, in autumn…).
The main economy of Lesotho is agriculture and livestock, manufacturing and mining – with Water and Diamonds being the two most important natural resources of the country. The construction of the Katse Dam has allowed Lesotho to be self-sufficient in electricity production and to supply South Africa with water and electricity.
Tourism is not that important from what I saw and heard on the road, other than for the Sani Pass and AfriSki resort.
HIV/AIDS is a major burden to the economy and development of the country and many programs are addressing it, being successful in reducing the rate of infection and increasing status check and anti-retro viral treatment in the last few years.